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Abbreviations and acronyms

Table 35: Abbreviations and acronyms
Term Description
ABS Australian Bureau of Statistics
ACARA Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
AEC Australian Electoral Commission
AGIMO Australian Government Information Management Office
APM Australian Project Management
APS Australian Public Service
APSC Australian Public Service Commission
ARO Assistant Returning Officer
BAC Business Assurance Committee
BLV blind and low vision
BRIDGE Building Resources in Democracy, Governance and Elections
CABER Commissioner’s Advisory Board on Electoral Research
CALD culturally and linguistically diverse
CEO community engagement officers
CNE Comissão Nacional de Eleições
CRU Continuous Roll Update
DLP Democratic Labor Party
DRO Divisional Returning Officer
EAP employee assistance program
ECANZ Electoral Council of Australia and New Zealand
ECB Election Commission of Bhutan
ECL electronic certified list
ECN Election Commission of Nepal
ECSA Electoral Commission South Australia
EEIC Electoral Education and Information Centre
EEN Electoral Education Network
ELMS election management system
ELT Executive Leadership Team
EMG Executive Management Group
EPBC Act Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
EQAP Enrolment Quality Assurance Program
FCC Fraud Control Committee
FDEU Federal Direct Enrolment and Update
FIFO fly-in fly-out
FMA Act Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997
FWA Fair Work Australia
HCO Harassment Contact Officer
ICARE APS values – Impartial, Committed to service, Accountable, Respectful, Ethical
IEPP Indigenous Electoral Participation Program
IFA individual flexibility arrangements
IPS Information Publication Scheme
ISC Investment and Strategies Committee
JSCEM Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters
KPI key performance indicator
KPU Komisi Pemilihan Umum
LWU larger work unit
MFD multi-function devices
NEEC National Electoral Education Centre
NEVDIS National Exchange of Vehicle and Driver Information Service
NRS National Relay Service
NTS National Transition Strategy
OIC Officer in Charge
OTM Other Trust Monies
PBS Portfolio Budget Statements
PIANZEA Pacific Islands, Australia and New Zealand Electoral Administrators
PIN personal identification number
PNG Papua New Guinea
PNGEC Papua New Guinea Electoral Commission
PSM Public Service Medal
SAF Sample Audit Fieldwork
STAE Secretáriado Técnico de Administração Eleitoral
TSRA Torres Strait Regional Authority
VITS VITS LanguageLink
WHS work health and safety

Glossary of terms

Table 36: Glossary of terms
Term Description
Ballot A secret vote, normally written.
Ballot box The sealed container into which a voter places a completed ballot paper.
Ballot paper A paper that shows the names of the candidates who are standing for election and on which voters mark their vote.
By-election An election held to fill a single vacancy in the House of Representatives.
Candidate A person standing for election to the House of Representatives or Senate.
Certified list The official electoral roll used to mark off voters at an election.
Close seat A term used while counting votes to describe a seat where the results are close.
Compulsory enrolment The requirement for Australian citizens aged 18 years and over to enrol to vote.
Constitution (Australian) A document which sets out the structure of Australian federal politics, and can only be amended through a referendum.
Court of Disputed Returns A court (in Australia the High Court) that determines disputes about elections.
Declaration vote Any vote where instead of the voter being marked off the certified list, the vote is sealed in an envelope and signed by the voter.
Division or electorate The voting area, containing approximately equal numbers of voters, for which one member is elected to the House of Representatives. Australia is divided into 150 electorates.
Electoral roll The list of people entitled to vote in an election or referendum.
Elector A person entitled to vote at an election.
Federal election A general election for the House of Representatives and Senate.
Fee-for-service election An election or ballot conducted on a full cost recovery basis.
Financial disclosure return A document detailing information on the receipts and expenditure of participants in the political process.
Formality or formal vote A vote in an election or referendum, where the ballot paper has been marked correctly and is counted towards the result. A ballot paper incorrectly marked is called informal.
Franchise The right to vote.
Funding and Disclosure Public funding of election campaigns and disclosure of certain financial details by candidates, political parties and others.
General Postal Voter (GPV) A voter who is registered to have postal ballot papers sent automatically due to difficulty getting to a polling place.
House of Representatives The house of Parliament in which the government is formed. Under a preferential voting system, each division elects one member of the House of Representatives.
Hung parliament A parliament where no political party or coalition of parties has a majority in the House of Representatives.
Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters (JSCEM) The parliamentary committee that inquires into and reports on matters relating to electoral laws, practices and administration.
Member Any person elected to parliament, but commonly used for the House of Representatives.
Mobile polling team Polling officials who bring polling to hospitals, nursing homes, prisons, remand centres and remote locations.
Nomination To submit for candidacy for election to the Senate or House of Representatives.
Ordinary vote A vote cast on or before election day within the division the voter is enrolled.
Poll An election – a count of votes or opinions.
Polling day The day fixed for the election.
Polling place A location for people to vote.
Postal vote Ballot papers sent to a voter and posted back before the close of polling.
Preferential voting A system of voting where a voter shows an order of preference for candidates by numbering their choices.
Pre-poll vote A vote cast before polling day.
Provisional vote Votes cast at a polling place where the elector’s name cannot be found on the roll, the name has been marked off, or the voter has a silent enrolment.
Redistribution A redrawing of electoral boundaries to ensure (as close as possible) the same number of voters in each division.
Referendum A vote to change the Constitution.
Roll A list of voters eligible to vote at an election or referendum.
Registered political party A party registered with the AEC under Part XI of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918.
Secret ballot A vote made in secret.
Senate The house of Parliament representing the states. Seventy-six senators are elected – 12 from each state and two from each territory, under a proportional representation system.
Silent elector A voter whose address does not appear on the electoral roll for reasons of personal safety.
Turnout The percentage of people who voted in the election, calculated by dividing the sum of formal and informal votes by the final enrolment figure.
Vote To choose a representative, or make a preference, in an election.
Writ A document commanding an electoral officer to hold an election, containing dates for the close of rolls, the close of nominations, the election day and the return of the writ.
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